ending dating was the most mentioned attitude taken, with a higher prevalence in females (39.1%); in relation to the attitude of doing nothing after victimization, a very significant percentage was found in males (40.7%) and females (39.1%).
Regarding the results on the perpetration and victimization of dating violence, it was evident that 19.2% of the adolescents reported having been assaulted by their boyfriend. The prevalence values found are relatively similar to other studies, national and international, developed by several authors. Internationally, the estimated prevalence is between 21.8% and 60% (Haynie et al., 2013; Straus, 2004). Basile et al. (2006), in an investigation involving 15,214 American students from 158 high schools, found that 8.9% experienced dating violence, with 8.9% being male and 8.7% female. In Brazil, a study with a sample of 455 young university students from São Paulo identified a prevalence of 21.1% of violence among intimate partners (Aldrighi, 2004). In the city of Recife / Pernambuco, Barreira et al. (2013), when working with a significant sample of adolescents from public and private schools, found that 19.9% of adolescents perpetrated physical violence against their intimate partners. Oliveira, Assis, Njaine, and Carvalhaes (2011), in a study with young people from public and private schools in the capitals of ten Brazilian states, identified a prevalence of victimization and perpetration well above national and international values - 86.9% as victims and 86.8% as perpetrators. The bidirectionality of violence or reciprocal practice between both adolescent partners was also found in the study by Minayo et al. (2011).
Although some investigations point more frequently to the female gender as a victim, in this study there is a higher prevalence of victimization in men (18.5%) and aggression in women (14.3%). These results corroborate those achieved by Oliveira, Assis, Njaine, and Pires (2014), who found a higher frequency of perpetration of violence in dating or in the relationships of “staying” by female adolescents (18.4%). Straus and Gozjolko (2014) point out that although some studies show that females are more frequently involved in acts of violence, the adverse effects on victims are much greater when exercised by males, which can cause more injuries (both physical and psychological) ), more deaths and more fear.
Regarding the nature of dating violence, the percentage of those who suffer verbal / moral violence was higher in males (19.6%). According to Oliveira et al. (2011), verbal violence is the one that most occurs in relationships between young people and emphasize that its high frequency contributes to its being trivialized, because it is common and acceptable in some situations. Barreira et al. (2013) also found a prevalence of psychological violence perpetrated at 82.8%, with 80.6% among women and 85.6% among men. In a study by Bonomi, Anderson, Nemeth, Rivara, and Buettner (2014), it was found that 28.4% of girls and 19.3% of boys suffered physical violence and / or sexual violence; and psychological violence such as shouting, insulting and threatening was more prevalent in females (47.6%) than in males (40.7%).